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insight by wfx

Welcome to Wordwide FX's new enterprise!

Insight by WFX is a synthesis of our passion for languages and the financial markets. Here you will find technical and fundamental analyses from our clients, media partners and contributors in different languages, as well as discussions on languages and translation. And of course we will keep you updated on what is happening inside Wordwide FX Financial Translations. Hope you enjoy it! Greetings from the Wordwide FX team!


The History of Appalachian English: Why We Talk Differently


By Wordwide FX Financial Translations

Via Appalachian Magazine 

“Where are you from?”  An annoying question asked in a condescending tone I have been forced to endure nearly my entire life.  Whether I travel north into Yankeedom or south into Dixie, it seems that the way I (and everyone I grew up with) talk just seems oddly out of place.

We don’t have a Yankee accent, but we also don’t really speak with a southern drawl. Ours is an accent that is entirely unique and though it’s often the subject of scorn and ridicule, the Appalachian dialect is an ancient connection to our rich heritage and deserves to be safeguarded and honored.

The language we speak is known as Appalachian-English and actually serves as one of the oldest varieties of English spoken in this nation.

But why do we speak it and where did this dialect come from?

Like nearly all things related to Appalachia, there is no one clear answer to this question; however, extensive research has been conducted on this very topic for the better part of a century in order to determine why so many of us pronounce words such as “wire,” “fire,” “tire,” and “retired” as “war,” “far,” “tar,” and “retard” respectively.

Appalachian-English also places an “-er” sound at an end of a word with a long “o”.  For example, “hollow”— a small, sheltered valley— is pronounced like “holler”.  Other examples are “potato” (pronounced “tader”), “tomato” (pronounced “mader”), and “tobacco” (pronounced “backer”).

H retention occurs at the beginning of certain words as well. “It”, in particular, is pronounced “hit” at the beginning of a sentence and also when emphasized. The word “ain’t” is pronounced “hain’t”.

The noun “grease” is pronounced with an “s,” but this consonant turns into a “z” in the adjective and in the verb “to grease.”

And then of course there is the unending and longstanding feud regarding what is the proper way to pronounce the region itself, “Appalachia”.  People who live in the Appalachian dialect area pronounce the word with a short “a” sound (as in “latch”) in the third syllable, while those who live outside of the Appalachian dialect area or at its outer edges tend to pronounce it with a long “a” sound (as in “lay”).

Of course on this subject, we all know it’s “App-ah-latch-uh”… or I’ll throw an apple-atch’a!

But why is it that we speak so uniquely?

The predominate theory is that the existence of Appalachian-English is the result of the isolation the mountains beyond the Blue Ridge ensured — making our dialect one of the most ancient and protected dialects in the nation.

While our high-browed relatives who moved to the big city and lost their accent may frown upon our words and pronunciations, it is believed that the Appalachian dialect is a remnant of Elizabethan English.

An evidence of this is the use of words such as “afeared”, a Shakespearean word that is largely forgotten by most English speakers outside of the Appalachian region.

Other ancient phrases include the use of “might could” for “might be able to”, the use of “‘un” with pronouns and adjectives (e.g., young’un), the use of “done” as a helping verb (e.g., “we done finished it”), and the use of words such as airish, brickle, swan, and bottom land all of which were common in Southern and Central England in 17th and 18th centuries.

Interestingly, Appalachian-English has virtually no Native American influences (with the exception being place names, e.g., “Appalachia”, “Tennessee”, “Kanawha”, etc.) while so many other regional dialects in the nation do contain heavy influences from Native Americans.  This is noteworthy, as it showcases something we know and realize today — the people who settled this region are not easily influenced by the accents and languages of others, even if they become displaced, Appalachian-English is a hard dialect to lose.

Further evidence of this reality may be found in several areas in the State of Texas.

Nearly two centuries ago, the sons of Virginia’s Appalachian region (Stephen F. Austin & Sam Houston), as well as men of Tennessee (Davy Crocket) and Kentucky (James Bowie) made the decision to leave the mountains and head into the land of Tejas — eventually forming a new Republic, built by the blood and sweat of Appalachia’s sons.

Despite being some 1,200 miles apart, Appalachian-English is still alive and well in multiple Texas localities.  There, in the Lonestar State, you’ll hear phrases such as “Like’t’a”, proving that you may take the man out of Appalachia, but you won’t be able to take the Appalachia out of the man.



Language started 1.5m years earlier than previously thought as scientists say Homo Erectus were first to talk


By Wordwide FX Financial Translations

Via The Telegraph

By Sarah Knapton

In the beginning was the word. And it was first spoken by Homo Erectus, according to a controversial new theory.

Most paleontologists believe language emerged with the evolution of Homo Sapiens around 350,000 years ago.

But Daniel Everett, Professor of Global Studies, at Bentley University, Massachusetts, author of How Language Began, claims our earlier ancestors must have been able to talk to each other.

Prof Everett, claims that Homo Erectus, who lived from 1.8 million years ago, invented language and used it to hunt and build boats to colonise remote islands such as Flores in Indonesia and Crete, where fossils have been found even though there was never a land link with Africa.

Speaking at the AAAS annual meeting in Austin, Texas, he said: “Everybody talks about Homo Erectus as a stupid ape-like creature, which of course describes us just as well, and yet what I want to emphasize is that Erectus was the smartest creature that had ever walked the Earth.

“They had planning abilities. They made tools. But the most incredible tools that Erectus made were vessels for sailing the open ocean.

“Oceans were never a barrier to the travels of Erectus. They travelled all over the world. It was intentional they needed craft and they needed to take groups of twenty or so at least to get to those places.

“Erectus needed language when they were sailing to the island of Flores. They couldn’t have simply caught a ride on a floating log because then they would have been washed out to see when they hit the current. They needed to be able to paddle.

“And if they paddled they needed to be able to say ‘paddle there’ or ‘don’t paddle.’ You need communication with symbols not just grunts. They accomplished too much for this to simply be the sort of communication that we see in other species without symbols.”

Homo Erectus was the first member of our genus homo, and so was the first species of human.

It stood up to five feet 11 inches tall, and had the biggest brain of any land animal that had ever lived, around 950CC, roughly the size of European females today.

They had sophisticated settlements, with separate areas for processing plants and animals, as well as for living, sleeping and engaging in communal activities, Prof Everett told delegates.

There is also evidence that they had symbolic objects. A 250,000 year old carving of a woman was found in Berekhat Ram, Israel, 250,000 years ago.

“They certainly were not incapable of speech they just would have had a different speech,” said Prof Everett.

“Homo Erectus spoke and invented the Model T Ford of language. We speak the Tesla form, but their Model T form was not a proto-language it was a real language.

“Homo Erectus needs more respect, Homo Neanderthalis was born into a linguistic world. Homo Sapiens was born into a linguistic world. We just inherited what Homo Erectus had invented for us.” However Professor Chris Stringer from The Natural History Museum in London, was more skeptical about the clams.

“I don’t accept that, for example that Erectus must have had boats to get to Flores,” he said.

“Tsunamis could have moved early humans on rafts of vegetation. That said I think homo heidelbergensis (another early human who lived between 600,000 and 200,000 years ago) had a complex enough life to require speech, though not at a level of modern human language. With Erectus, I’m not so sure.”

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El EURUSD cae y rompe niveles técnicos


By Greg Michalowski @GregMikeFX, Director of Client Education at ForexLive. Translated by Wordwide FX Financial Translations

El EURUSD lleva todo el día operándose en ambos sentidos. Durante la sesión asiática, el precio cayó bajo la MM de 100 horas, luego cayó a la MM de 100 sesiones en el gráfico de 4 horas en 1,23855 (ver línea azul pronunciada), luego rebotó para atacar la MM de 100 horas (línea azul, ahora mismo en 1,24298).

Esta parada en la MM de 100 horas en la sesión de Londres, ha impreso más impulso bajista y ha conducido a una ruptura bajo la MM de 100 sesiones en el gráfico de 4 horas y el 50% de la subida que partió del mínimo del 9 de febrero en 1,23799. Sigue el tono bajista. EL precio ha registrado ahora un nuevo máximo de sesión en 1,23692.

¿Y ahora qué?

La zona de riesgo más cercana para los cortos es el nivel de 1,23855 (MM de 100 sesiones en el gráfico de 4 horas), una antigua zona de soporte que es ahora resistencia.

La MM de 200 horas (línea verde en el gráfico superior) es un objetivo bajista, ahora en 1,23519. Si se produce un ataque sobre esta zona, yo esperaría que el precio se estancara (stops por debajo).

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Mercado lateral para el EURUSD. Fuerte resistencia arriba


By Greg Michalowski @GregMikeFX, Director of Client Education at ForexLive. Translated by Wordwide FX Financial Translations

La semana pasada, el EURUSD perforó bajo estos niveles:

  • La MM de 100 días (ahora en 1,16873)
  • El mínimo del 6 de octubre en 1,16689
  • La MM de 200 días, que esta semana sigue en 1,1668
  • La clavícula del patrón hombro-cabeza-hombro en el gráfico diario


Todo ello indica un tono bajista. Mantenerse por debajo de esta zona es fundamental para que los cortos conserven el control del mercado. Si el precio escala sobre estos niveles, decepción para los cortos. Zona clave, muy importante.



Ayer, el precio del par tuvo una jornada con muchos altibajos, pero consiguió marcar un máximo de 1,16577, a 11 pips de los niveles inferiores de la zona de resistencia arriba. Hoy, el precio está más bajo en general, pero no va a ninguna parte. El rango es únicamente de 29 pips. El rango medio del último mes ha sido de 73 pips. Hay espacio para moverse, si el precio recibe un empujón en un sentido o en otro.

Si analizamos el gráfico de cinco minutos, veremos que el precio se mueve de manera errática alrededor de las MM de 100 y de 200 sesiones (líneas azul y verde), y está por debajo de una línea de tendencia superior en 1,1645 y por encima de una línea de tendencia inferior en 1,627. Todas estas líneas de tendencia se acercan cada vez y podrían converger. El mercado es claramente lateral, sin tendencia. Esperamos alguna clase de ruptura en algún momento. 

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¿Se está dando la vuelta el EURUSD? Lo intenta…


By Greg Michalowski @GregMikeFX, Director of Client Education at ForexLive. Translated by Wordwide FX Financial Translations

pero aún tiene mucho por hacer.

¿Se está dando la vuelta el EURUSD? Es decir, ¿da señales de agotamiento?

Seguro que los fans del RSI ya están viendo divergencias – bueno, confieso que les he echado un vistazo pero ya sabéis que no me gusta esta herramienta.

Estas otras pistas son más de mi estilo:

  • El EURUSD marcó ayer un nuevo máximo sobre 1,20694 (máximo del 29 de agosto y de enero de 2015), que se extendió a 1,2092. Pero resultó ser una falsa ruptura y ahora operamos lejos ya de ese nivel en 1,2045.
  • Si echamos un vistazo al gráfico de cinco minutos, veremos que el precio ha descendido bajo las MM de 100 y de 200 sesiones (líneas azul y verde) en 1,2958 y 1,29496, respectivamente. Si confirmamos bajo estas medias, las ventas pueden continuar.

¿Qué daría más confianza a los vendedores?

El 38,2% de la subida que partió del mínimo de ayer está en 1,2023. El cierre de ayer está en 1,1221. Siempre es tener una acción alcista fallida que salir en un día positivo y que acabe siendo negativo. Así pues, este es el próximo paso para seguir bajando.

Más allá, los traders tienen el soporte natural de los 1,2000, y también anda cerca el 50% de la misma acción alcista en 1,20025.

Así pues, sí que hay cierto retroceso en el EURUSD, pero en cada acción hay mucho quehacer para que siga la corrección. Por suerte, los técnicos hacen lo que tienen que hacer, no solo para definir el riesgo (no me sorprende) son también para definir los objetivos que harían una corrección más cómoda para los vendedores.

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Rápida maniobra del EURUSD


By Greg Michalowski @GregMikeFX, Director of Client Education at ForexLive. Translated by Wordwide FX Financial Translations

Rápida maniobra del EURUSD tras los comentarios de Draghi. El par empezó cayendo y atacando la MM de 200 horas en 1,1923, marcando un mínimo de 1,927 antes de darse la vuelta y recuperar posiciones con la misma celeridad.

Ahora, el par escala sobre el mínimo del swing de julio de 2012 en 1,2042. El máximo alcanzó 1,2052, por encima del cual tenemos el máximo de agosto y de todo el año de 1,20698- Si el precio escala sobre este nivel, estaríamos operando en los niveles más altos desde enero de 2014.

Si el precio confirma sobre este nivel, podríamos ver nuevas subidas. El siguiente objetivo estaría en 1,21661, que equivale al 50% de la bajada que arrancó del máximo de 2013.

Atención a la zona de 1,2000, pues es un nivel con riesgo de corrección para los largos. Si confirmamos arriba, la acción es más alcista. Si bajamos, los largos perderán fuerza.